Translanguaging in ESL Classroom

A Case Study of Government College University Hyderabad

  • Timotheous Samar Center for English Language and Linguistics, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro
  • Habibullah Pathan Center for English Language and Linguistics, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro


Abstract Views: 75

This study explored perception and attitude of university teachers towards practicing translanguaging in English language classrooms in Pakistan. Using a mixed-method approach, ESL teachers from Government College University Hyderabad were approached to participate in the study. An adapted questionnaire was utilized to gather data on the teachers' use of Sindhi/Urdu (local languages) in their classrooms and their beliefs about translanguaging. The study revealed that the teachers recognized the benefits of translanguaging, such as aiding weaker language skills, promoting deep understanding of content and supporting students' bilingual identities. Translanguaging was seen as a tool to bridge communication gaps and foster an inclusive learning environment. The findings contribute to the understanding of translanguaging in the ESL context, highlighting its potential benefits for language learners in multilingual settings.

Keywords: Translanguaging, second language acquisition, bilingualism, ESL context, teachers’ perception


Aab, Alexander, P. Abreu, M. A. R. C. O. Aglietta, E. J. Ahn, I. Al Samarai, Ivone Freire da Mota Albuquerque, I. Allekotte et al. "Depth of maximum of air-shower profiles at the Pierre Auger Observatory. I. Measurements at energies above 1 0 17.8 eV." Physical Review D 90, no. 12 (2014): 122005.

Adamson, John L., Howard G. Brown, and Naoki Fujimoto-Adamson. "Revealing shifts and diversity in understandings of self access language learning." Journal of University Teaching & Learning Practice 9, no. 1 (2012): 5.

Baker, Colin. Foundations of bilingual education and bilingualism. Multilingual matters, 2011.

Canagarajah, Suresh. "Translanguaging in the classroom: Emerging issues for research and pedagogy." Applied linguistics review 2, no. 2011 (2011).

Conteh, Jean. "Translanguaging." ELT journal 72, no. 4 (2018): 445-447.

García, Ofelia, Li Wei, Ofelia García, and Li Wei. Language, bilingualism and education. Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2014.

García, Ofelia. "Emergent Bilinguals and TESOL: What's in a Name?." Tesol Quarterly 43, no. 2 (2009): 322-326.

Jiménez, Robert T., Georgia Earnest García, and P. David Pearson. "Three children, two languages, and strategic reading: Case studies in bilingual/monolingual reading." American educational research journal 32, no. 1 (1995): 67-97.

Karathanos, Katya. "Exploring US mainstream teachers’ perspectives on use of the native language in instruction with English language learner students." International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 12, no. 6 (2009): 615-633.

Khan, Arshad Ali, Naureem Nazir, and Amina Khalid. "Pakistani Higher Education Teachers’ Perceptions on Translanguaging Practices in Multilingual Classroom." Ilkogretim Online 20, no. 5 (2021).

Kiramba, Lydiah Kananu. "Translanguaging in the writing of emergent multilinguals." International Multilingual Research Journal 11, no. 2 (2017): 115-130.

Lewis, Gwyn, Bryn Jones, and Colin Baker. "Translanguaging: Developing its conceptualisation and contextualisation." Educational Research and Evaluation 18, no. 7 (2012): 655-670.

Lin, Angel MY, Yanming Wu, and Jay L. Lemke. "‘It takes a village to research a village’: Conversations between Angel Lin and Jay Lemke on contemporary issues in translanguaging." Plurilingual pedagogies: Critical and creative endeavors for equitable language in education (2020): 47-74.

MacSwan, Jeff. "A multilingual perspective on translanguaging." American educational research journal 54, no. 1 (2017): 167-201.

Manan, Syed Abdul, and Khadija Tul-Kubra. "Beyond ‘two-solitudes’ assumption and monolingual idealism: generating spaces for multilingual turn in Pakistan." International Journal of Multilingualism 19, no. 3 (2022): 346-367.

Martin, James R., and Peter R. White. The language of evaluation. Vol. 2. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

McMillan, Brian A., and Damian J. Rivers. "The practice of policy: Teacher attitudes toward “English only”." System 39, no. 2 (2011): 251-263.

Nambisan, Kavitha. "Teachers' attitudes towards and uses of translanguaging in English language classrooms in Iowa." PhD diss., Iowa State University, 2014.

Sali, Pinar. "An analysis of the teachers' use of L1 in Turkish EFL classrooms." System 42 (2014): 308-318.

Shah, Mujahid, Stefanie Pillai, and Malarvizhi Sinayah. "Translanguaging in an academic setting." Lingua 225 (2019): 16-31.

Vaish, Viniti. "Challenges and directions in implementing translanguaging pedagogy for low achieving students." Classroom Discourse 10, no. 3-4 (2019): 274-289.

Yavuz, Fatih. "The attitudes of English teachers about the use of L1 in the teaching of L2." Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 (2012): 4339-4344.

How to Cite
Samar, T., & Pathan, H. (2023). Translanguaging in ESL Classroom: A Case Study of Government College University Hyderabad. Journal of History and Social Sciences, 14(1), 212-223.

Most read articles by the same author(s)