Muslim Sikhs Relations

From Cooperation to Hostility

  • Madeeha Arif Department of History, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad – Pakistan
  • Fouzia Farooq Ahmed Department of History, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad – Pakistan


Abstract Views: 303

Sikhism as a syncretic movement was initiated by Baba Guru Nanak during the 15th century, which was different from pre-existing beliefs of Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, and Bhaktism. His life struggle was based on the philosophy, “There is no Hindu and no Mussalman.” Later, his struggle took the shape of a new religion called Sikhism, and many people came under its influence. This research postulates that Muslim-Sikh relations were cordial during the early years of the propagation of this belief. However, after the death of the fourth Sikh Guru Arjun Singh, a visible rift started appearing between Sikhs and Muslims. It resulted in many battles between the followers of the two faiths. Hence, Muslim-Sikh rivalry was raised when Sikhism started owing to the Gurus’ involvement in Mughal politics of succession. This study aims to analyze the Muslim-Sikh relations during the time of the first four Gurus and then shed light upon them through the tenure of the later Gurus.

Keywords: Bhakti movement, Guru Granth sahib, Guru Nanak, Misls, Panth, Sikhism, Sufi


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How to Cite
Arif, M., & Ahmed, F. F. (2023). Muslim Sikhs Relations: From Cooperation to Hostility. Journal of History and Social Sciences, 14(1), 46-60.